Zonta Club of the Mid-Ohio Valley

Zonta Club of Marietta


16 Days of Activism

The Human Rights of Women

  • Governments have the responsibility to protect and promote the human rights of women and girls, and ensure their economic, legal, social and political empowerment, as a means to prevent violence against them.
  • They should also ensure the reform of gender discriminatory laws and policies that prevent women from leaving abusive and violent relationships

The Girl-child

  • Violence against girls is perpetrated by both adults and peers and takes place in all social spaces, both public and private, including the home, the classroom, on the way to school, and online. It has immediate and long-term consequences and creates additional obstacles to girls? progress.
  • Specific forms of violence and harmful practices, including Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting and child marriage, affect the girl child in particular.
  • It is estimated that up to 30 million girls under the age of 15 remain at risk from FGM/C, and more than 130 million girls and women have undergone the procedure worldwide.
  • Worldwide, more than 700 million women alive today were married as children, 250 million of whom were married before the age of 15. Girls who marry before the age of 18 are less likely to complete their education and more likely to experience domestic violence and complications in childbirth.

Youth in Action: Z and Golden Z Clubs

  • The Z Club and Golden Z Club program is one of Zonta International?s longest-running programs. Z clubs and Golden Z clubs help high school, college and university students develop leadership skills, promote career exploration and encourage members to participate in community, school and international service projects.
  • Young people are a driving force for change and they use their knowledge power and passion to challenge negative attitudes, gender stereotypes and behavior that can lead to violence against women and girls.

Youth in Action to #orangeurhood

  • Work with youth activists and student groups to organize a concert, party or flash mob to raise awareness of the issue. Use the opportunity to share information about the UNiTE campaign.
  •  Contact local sports teams to hold tournaments or matches dedicated to the UNiTE campaign and kick-off the event with speeches about the issue, and measures to make sports clubs safe spaces for women and girls. Make sure the participants wear orange!
  •  Use orange chalk to #orangeurhood in parks and squares, and engage street artists for the cause.
  •  How do you #orangeurhood? Share images showing local engagement of sports teams, student groups and street artists through the hashtags #orangeurhood and #16days.
  •  Follow @UN4Youth on Twitter.

Women & the Media

  • The media plays a significant role in either perpetuating or challenging social norms and behaviors that condone violence against women and girls.
  • Advances in global technology have presented rich and varied opportunities for advancements in the empowerment and participation of women and girls, though they have also perpetuated existing forms of violence against women and girls, as well as giving rise to new types of violence such as cyber bullying and cyber stalking. 

Institutional Mechanisms for Advancement of Women

  • The establishment of State mechanisms to coordinate different actors,
    including civil society, is necessary to ensure the effective implementation of laws and policies addressing violence against women and girls.
  • Gender perspectives must be integrated into all legislation, public policies,
    programs and projects.

Women in Power & Decision-making Roles

  • Women in power and decision-making have a critical role to play in efforts to eliminate violence against women and girls.
  • Women are often subjected to violence when they exercise their political rights or when they are actively engaged in politics.
  • Women leaders in communities, businesses and governments contribute to more stable and just societies, economic growth, quality of life for families and communities, and the achievement of internationally-agreed goals for sustainable development. (World Economic Forum, 2012).
  • Despite increased acknowledgement of the added benefits of women in leadership, according to UN Global Impact, there continues to be a disproportion between women and men in decision-making roles in both the public and private sectors due to the perpetuation of gender stereotypes.

Tuesday, 2 December - Women & the Economy
  • Violence against women and girls bears significant economic costs for all countries.
  • The economic empowerment of women is an essential element in addressing the
    structural and underlying causes of violence against women and girls.
  • Addressing women?s economic inequality is of particular importance in reducing violence against women and girls in the long-term.
  • Violence against women in the work place takes place in all professions and sectors and particularly affects women living in poverty as they are more likely to be exposed to exploitation and abuse in informal labor settings.
  • Women and girls experience sexual harassment and sexual violence in public spaces, including on public transport, on the way to school, work, and the market or to leisure activities.
  • Violence and the fear of violence reduce women and girls? freedom of movement and rights to access education, work, recreation, and essential services.

Women & Health

  • Violence against women and girls has a detrimental effect on their health, including their sexual, reproductive and mental health.
  • Multi-sectoral and coordinated services are required to address the immediate and long-term needs of all women and girls subjected to violence. In order to ensure access to services, women and girls need to be aware of their rights and available services.
  • Ending violence against women and girls is critical to ending HIV and AIDS. Violence or the fear of violence can prevent women from negotiating safer sex. Women living with HIV are often more vulnerable to violence, which can stop women from getting the HIV care and treatment they need.
  • Women and girls surviving violence, especially sexual violence, need access to a range of sexual and reproductive health services, post-exposure care, access to emergency contraceptives for the prevention of pregnancy, HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention, psycho-socio counseling and other services.
  • Women and girls are also vulnerable to various forms of sexual and physical abuse in the health services including sexual abuse by health providers, forced sterilization, and forced abortion.

Men & Boys in Action

  • Call on men and boys to share photos of themselves via social media wearing orange with a message explaining their support for the issue, including the hashtags #HeforShe and #orangeurhood.
  • Follow @HeforShe on Twitter.
  • Organize a round-table with men?s organizations and women?s organizations working towards gender equality and the elimination of violence against women, to discuss how they can work together to enhance women?s agency and end structural discrimination to prevent and end violence against women, and share information about effective prevention strategies and initiatives.

Women & Armed Conflict

  • Multiple forms of human rights violations take place in the context of armed conflict, all too often with impunity.
  • Sexual violence against women and girls is used as a military tactic with the aim of damaging individuals and tearing apart families and communities.
  • Different forms of violence against women and girls including domestic violence, trafficking, and child marriage are exacerbated during conflict.
  • When the conflict is over the women and girls who have faced violence are likely to suffer from psychological and physical effects of the violence they have faced.
  • They may also face social stigma and rejection from their family or community, and have limited opportunities to access justice, reparations, or the care and services they need.

Women & Poverty

  • Particular groups of women and girls, including those living in poverty, face multiple forms of discrimination, and are exposed to increased risks of violence.
  • Women and girls living in poverty often face a higher risk of abuse, have few avenues of escape, and find it more difficult to access healthcare, police, legal and social services.
  • The recent financial crisis and austerity measures have resulted in cutbacks in
    infrastructures, including health services for women and girls subjected to violence, while rendering them more vulnerable to exploitation and violence.
  • Women living in poverty, who experience violence, are less able and more restricted from reporting violence to the authorities and seeking support services as they have limited access to these services, which may require out-of pocket contributions.
  • Women living in poverty who are victims of domestic violence/intimate partner violence have limited options to leave violent relationships due to lack of income or resources.
  • Women and girls living in poverty are more vulnerable to sexual exploitation including trafficking.

Education & training of women

  • Education plays a significant role in changing harmful gender stereotypes
    that promote or condone violence against women and girls.
  • Many women and girls face violence in or enroute to educational
    institutions at the hands of fellow students, teachers, school administrators
    and others including sexual harassment, bullying, cyber violence or
    requests for sexual favors in exchange for good grades or school fees.
  • Many girls, particularly the most marginalized, continue to be deprived of
    the right to education. Some are targeted with violence for their efforts to
    complete their education.

Violence against Women & Girls

  • Violence against women and girls is a violation of human rights and a pressing global issue.
  • Violence against women and girls is not inevitable. Violence against women and girls can and should be prevented.
  • In order to sustain and advance efforts to prevent and end violence against women and girls, the issue must be prioritized in the new global development agenda.
  • Violence against women is a consequence of discrimination against women and girls, in law and practice, and of persisting inequalities between men and women.
  • 35% of women and girls globally experience some form of physical and or sexual violence in heir lifetime with up to seven in ten women facing this abuse in some countries.
  • Violence against women and girls impacts on, and impedes, progress in many areas, including poverty eradication, combating HIV and AIDS, and peace and security.
  • Violence against women and girls has enormous social and economic costs for individuals, families, communities and societies and has a significant impact on development and the realization of sustainable development goals.


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